Tunable Synthesis of Predominant Semi-Ionic and Covalent Fluorine Bonding States on a Graphene Surface
- Tunable Synthesis of Predominant Semi-Ionic and Covalent Fluorine Bonding States on a Graphene Surface
- 유남호; 문숙영; 정승필; 이재원
- Issue Date
- VOL 11, 942
- In this study, fluorinated graphene (FG) was synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction. Graphene oxides (GOs) with different oxygen bonding states and oxygen contents (GO(F), GO(P), and GO(HU)) were used as starting materials. GO(F) and GO(P) are commercial-type GOs from Grapheneall. GO(HU) was prepared using a modified Hummers method. The synthesized FGs from GO(F), GO(P), and GO(HU) are denoted as FG(F), FG(P), and FG(HU), respectively. The F atoms were bound to the graphene surface with predominantly semi-ionic or covalent bonding depending on the GO oxygen state. FG(F) and FG(HU) exhibited less extensive fluorination than FG(P) despite the same or higher oxygen contents compared with that in FG(P). This difference was attributed to the difference in the C=O content of GOs because the C=O bonds in GO primarily produce covalent C-F bonds. Thus, FG(F) and FG(HU) mainly exhibited semi-ionic C-F bonds. The doped F atoms were used to tune the electronic properties and surface chemistry of graphene. The fluorination reaction also improved the extent of reduction of GO.
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