Rapid and highly sensitive pathogen detection by real-time DNA monitoring using a nanogap impedimetric sensor with recombinase polymerase amplification
- Rapid and highly sensitive pathogen detection by real-time DNA monitoring using a nanogap impedimetric sensor with recombinase polymerase amplification
- 이동수; 이현정; 이소연; 권정선; 최종민; 이상현; 신용범
- Issue Date
- Biosensors and bioelectronics
- VOL 179, 113042
- Fast detection of pathogens is important for protecting our health and society. Herein, we present a high-performance nanogap impedimetric sensor for monitoring nucleic acid amplification in real time using isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) for rapid pathogen detection. The nanogap electrode chip has two pairs of opposing gold electrodes with a 100？nm gap and was fixed to a PCB. Then, the nanogap impedimetric sensor was immersed in RPA reaction solution for the detection of E. coli O157:H7, and target DNA amplification was evaluated through bulk solution impedance changes using impedance spectroscopy every minute during RPA. In addition, target gene amplification in the sample solution during RPA was confirmed with a 2% DNA agarose gel. Our nanogap impedimetric sensor can detect down to a single copy of the eae A gene in gDNA extracted from E. coli O157:H7 as well as a single cell of pathogenic E. coli O157:H7 strain within 5？min during direct RPA, which was performed with the pathogen itself and without the extraction and purification of target gDNA. The miniaturized nanogap impedimetric sensor has potential as a cost-effective point-of-care device for fast and accurate portable pathogen detection via real-time nucleic acid analysis.
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