Soil microbial communities-mediated bioattenuation in simulated aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) condition: Long-term study

Title
Soil microbial communities-mediated bioattenuation in simulated aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) condition: Long-term study
Authors
정성필최재우조경진김영재히엔 티 뉴옌
Keywords
Aquifer condition; Assimilable organic carbon; Dissolved organic carbon; Natural attenuation; High-throughput sequencing
Issue Date
2021-06
Publisher
Environmental research
Citation
VOL 197, 111069
Abstract
This study evaluated the long-term organic removal performance and microbial community shift in simulated aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) conditions. For this purpose, anoxic soil box systems were operated at 15 ?C for one year. The results showed that the assimilable organic carbon (AOC) concentration in the anoxic soil box systems was successfully decreased by 79.1%. The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration increased during the initial operational periods; however, it subsequently decreased during long-term operation. Readily biodegradable organic fractions (i.e., low-molecular weight (LMW) neutrals and LMW acids) decreased along with time elapsed, whereas non-biodegradable fraction (i.e., humic substances) increased. Proteobacteria and Acidobacteriota were predominant in the anoxic box systems throughout the operational periods. Firmicutes and Bacteroidota suddenly increased during the initial operational period while Gemmatimonadota slightly increased during prolonged long-term operation. Interestingly, the microbial community structures were significantly shifted with respect to the operational periods while the effects of AOC/NO3?? addition were negligible. Various bacterial species preferring low temperature or anoxic conditions were detected as predominant bacteria. Some denitrifying (i.e., Noviherbaspirillum denitrificans) and iron reducing bacteria (i.e., Geobacter spp.) appeared during the long-term operation; these bacterial communities also acted as organic degraders in the simulated ASR systems. The findings of this study suggest that the application of natural bioattenuation using indigenous soil microbial communities can be a promising option as an organic carbon management strategy in ASR systems.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/73097
ISSN
0013-9351
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KIST Publication > Article
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