Structural basis for the different mechanical behaviors of two chemically analogous, carbohydrate-derived thermosets
- Structural basis for the different mechanical behaviors of two chemically analogous, carbohydrate-derived thermosets
- 김성수; C. Maggie Lau; Leon M. Lillie; William B. Tolman; Theresa M. Reineke; Christopher J. Ellison
- Issue Date
- ACS Macro Letters
- VOL 10, NO 5-615
- Two renewable, structurally analogous monomers, isosorbide undecenoate (IU) and glucarodilactone undecenoate (GDLU) reacted with pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-mercaptopropionate) (PETT) via thiol？ene photopolymerization to form IU？PETT and GDLU？PETT thermosets. Despite their chemical similarity, uniaxial tensile testing showed that GDLU？PETT exhibited a strain-hardening behavior and is significantly tougher than IU？PETT. To understand this observation, in situ tensile testing and wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments (WAXS) were conducted. While the 2D WAXS patterns of IU？PETT displayed an isotropic halo during uniaxial deformation, they exhibited a change from an isotropic halo to a pair of scattering arcs for the GDLU？PETT samples. Density functional theory calculations further revealed that the GDLU alkyl chains are less angled than the IU alkyl chains. Based on these results, we postulate that the GDLU molecules can more easily order and align during uniaxial deformation, hence increasing intermolecular interactions between the GDLU molecules and contributing to the observed strain hardening behavior of their thermosets. This study exemplifies how molecules with subtle differences in their chemical structures can alter the structures and thermophysical properties of the resulting polymers in unpredictable ways.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.