Structural basis for the different mechanical behaviors of two chemically analogous, carbohydrate-derived thermosets

Title
Structural basis for the different mechanical behaviors of two chemically analogous, carbohydrate-derived thermosets
Authors
김성수C. Maggie LauLeon M. LillieWilliam B. TolmanTheresa M. ReinekeChristopher J. Ellison
Issue Date
2021-05
Publisher
ACS Macro Letters
Citation
VOL 10, NO 5-615
Abstract
Two renewable, structurally analogous monomers, isosorbide undecenoate (IU) and glucarodilactone undecenoate (GDLU) reacted with pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-mercaptopropionate) (PETT) via thiol?ene photopolymerization to form IU?PETT and GDLU?PETT thermosets. Despite their chemical similarity, uniaxial tensile testing showed that GDLU?PETT exhibited a strain-hardening behavior and is significantly tougher than IU?PETT. To understand this observation, in situ tensile testing and wide-angle X-ray scattering experiments (WAXS) were conducted. While the 2D WAXS patterns of IU?PETT displayed an isotropic halo during uniaxial deformation, they exhibited a change from an isotropic halo to a pair of scattering arcs for the GDLU?PETT samples. Density functional theory calculations further revealed that the GDLU alkyl chains are less angled than the IU alkyl chains. Based on these results, we postulate that the GDLU molecules can more easily order and align during uniaxial deformation, hence increasing intermolecular interactions between the GDLU molecules and contributing to the observed strain hardening behavior of their thermosets. This study exemplifies how molecules with subtle differences in their chemical structures can alter the structures and thermophysical properties of the resulting polymers in unpredictable ways.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/73162
ISSN
2161-1653
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KIST Publication > Article
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