Electrochemical Nitrogen Reduction Kinetics on a Copper Sulfide Catalyst for NH3 Synthesis at Low Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure
- Electrochemical Nitrogen Reduction Kinetics on a Copper Sulfide Catalyst for NH3 Synthesis at Low Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure
- 장종현; 허가현; 박현서; 박희영; 김민석; 공지민; 라마비 피트라; 김한성
- 전기화학; 촉매; 암모니아; 수소; 타펠
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
- VOL 13-24603
- We studied the electrochemical synthesis of NH3 on Fe-CuS/C catalysts in an alkaline aqueous solution under ambient conditions. The metal chalcogenide catalyst is active in the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) for approximately 45 min with an NH3 production yield of 16 μg h-1 cm-2 at -0.4 VRHE, while it decomposes to CuO. The rapid degradation of the catalyst hinders the precise investigation of the NH3 production activity in longer time measurements. Herein, the electrochemical NH3 production rate is enhanced with increased overpotentials when the degradation effect is mitigated in the measurement, which was difficult to observe in the NRR reports. In the Tafel analysis, the exchange current density, heterogeneous rate constant, and transfer coefficient of the Fe-CuS/C catalyst on the NRR were estimated. When the electrode degradation is mitigated, one of the best NH3 production activities among the reported metal sulfide electrochemical NRR catalysts is obtained, which is 42 μg h-1 cm-2 at -0.6 VRHE.
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