Shear-Rolling Process for Unidirectionally and Perpendicularly Oriented Sub-10-nm Block Copolymer Patterns on the 4 in Scale
- Shear-Rolling Process for Unidirectionally and Perpendicularly Oriented Sub-10-nm Block Copolymer Patterns on the 4 in Scale
- 김재경; 손정곤; 김인수; 오진우; 신민경; 서효선; 김용주; 방준하; 염봉준
- block copolymer; sub-10 nm patterning; unidirectional alignment
- Issue Date
- ACS Nano
- VOL 15, NO 5-8558
- Shear alignment of the block copolymer (BCP) thin film is one of the promising directed self-assembly (DSA) methodologies for the unidirectional alignment of sub-10 nm microdomains of BCPs for next-generation nanolithography and nanowire-grid polarizers. However, because of the differences in the surface/interfacial energies at the top surface/bottom interface, the shear-induced ordering of BCP nanopatterns has been restricted to BCPs with spherical and cylindrical nanopatterns and cannot be realized for high-aspect-ratio perpendicular lamellar structures, which is essential for practical application to semiconductor pattern processes. It is still a difficult challenge to fabricate the unidirectional alignment in a short time over a large area. In this study, we propose an approach for combining the shear-rolling process with the filtered plasma treatment of BCP films for the fabrication of unidirectionally aligned and perpendicularly oriented lamellar nanostructures. This approach enables fabrication within 1 min on a 4 in scale. We treated filtered plasma on the BCP film for perpendicular orientation and executed the hot-rolling process with different roller and stage speeds. Large-scale shear was generated only at the location where the BCP film was in contact with both the roller and stage, effectively applying shear stress to a large area of the BCP film within a short time. The repeated application of this shear-rolling process can achieve a higher level of unidirectional alignment. Our aligned BCP vertical lamellae were used to fabricate a high-aspect-ratio sub-10-nm-wide metallic nanowire array via dry/wet processes. In addition, shear-rolling with chemoepitaxy patterns can achieve higher orientational order and lower defectivity.
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