Stable humplike Hall effect and noncoplanar spin textures in SrRuO3 ultrathin films
- Stable humplike Hall effect and noncoplanar spin textures in SrRuO3 ultrathin films
- 최준우; Byungmin Sohn; Bongju Kim; Se Young Park; Hwan Young Choi; Jae Young Moon; Taeyang Choi; Young Jai Choi; Hua Zhou; Alessandro Bombardi; Dan. G. Porter; Seo Hyoung Chang; Jung Hoon Han; Changyoung Kim
- Issue Date
- PHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH
- VOL 3, 023232
- We observed a humplike feature in Hall effects of SrRuO3 ultrathin films, and systematically investigated it by controlling thicknesses, temperatures and magnetic fields. The humplike feature is extremely stable, even surviving as a magnetic field is tilted by as much as 85？. Based on the atomic-level structural analysis of a SrRuO3 ultrathin film with a theoretical calculation, we reveal that atomic rumplings at the thin-film surface enhance Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, which can generate stable chiral spin textures and a humplike Hall effect. Moreover, temperature dependent resonant x-ray measurements at the Ru L edge under a magnetic field showed that the intensity modulation of unexpected peaks was correlated with the hump region in the Hall effect. We verify that the two-dimensional property of ultrathin films generates stable noncoplanar spin textures having a magnetic order in a ferromagnetic oxide material.
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