Vertical transverse transport induced by hidden in-plane Berry curvature in two dimensions

Title
Vertical transverse transport induced by hidden in-plane Berry curvature in two dimensions
Authors
김경환정호균김정우진호섭
Keywords
Berry curvature; two-dimensional materials
Issue Date
2021-08
Publisher
Physical review B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Citation
VOL 104, L081114
Abstract
The discovery of Berry curvature (BC) has spurred a tremendous surge of research into various quantum phenomena such as the anomalous transport of electrons and the topological phases of matter. In two-dimensional crystalline systems, the conventional definition of the BC lacks the in-plane components and thus it cannot explain the transverse transport along the plane-normal direction. Here, we modify the BC to provide in-plane components in two dimensions, giving rise to the vertical Hall effects that describe out-of-plane transports in response to in-plane perturbations and their Onsager reciprocity. Our first-principles calculations show that a large in-plane BC can appear even in an atomic-thick GdAg2 monolayer, and a hexagonal BiAg2 monolayer can host a large BC dipole known to vanish in the conventional BC. The quantum transports driven by the hitherto-hidden BC will become more significant in recently emerging two-dimensional platforms, including van der Waals heterostructures.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/73710
ISSN
2469-9950
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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