Enhancement of catalytic activity and selectivity for the gaseous electroreduction of CO2 to CO: Guidelines for the selection of carbon supports

Title
Enhancement of catalytic activity and selectivity for the gaseous electroreduction of CO2 to CO: Guidelines for the selection of carbon supports
Authors
민병권오형석이웅희고영진김상국임철완원종호이관영정원석
Keywords
carbon dioxide reduction reaction; carbon support; carbon monoxide; hydrophobicity; micro computed tomography
Issue Date
2021-09
Publisher
Advanced Sustainable Systems
Citation
VOL 5, NO 10-10
Abstract
To secure the economic feasibility of electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR), a method of using support materials to reduce the amount of catalyst loading and increase catalytic activity for CO2RR can be a solution. Herein, guidelines for selecting carbon support materials suitable for CO2RR are reported. In a gaseous CO2-fed CO2RR electrolyzer, an Ag nanoparticle-composited carbon nanocage (denoted as Ag/CNC) electrode exhibits an optimal performance for CO2RR with a partial current density of ?400 mA cm?2. Ag/CNC showcases a uniformly dispersed morphology with Ag nanoparticles and sufficient hydrophobicity after the reaction to prevent flooding, which is known to inhibit the mass transfer of CO2. Furthermore, the CNCs possess small amounts of carbon defects; this suppresses the catalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), which is a side reaction of CO2RR. Results of a three-stack cell experiment with the Ag/CNC electrode reveal the possibility of a support-based strategy for achieving an industrial-level scaling of CO2RR. This study suggests that the support material for CO2RR should be considered not only on the basis of the morphology of carbon, uniform dispersion of Ag nanoparticles, and hydrophobicity of the electrode but also factors influencing the HER, such as carbon defect
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/73839
ISSN
2366-7486
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KIST Publication > Article
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