Feasibility of spherical hollow carbon framework as a stable host material for reversible metallic Li storage
- Feasibility of spherical hollow carbon framework as a stable host material for reversible metallic Li storage
- 유성종; 임경민; 최승훈; 김진수; 박민식
- Issue Date
- ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
- VOL 13, NO 36-42740
- A spherical hollow carbon framework decorated with functional heteroatoms is designed and synthesized using ultrasonic spray pyrolysis as a potential anode material for lithium metal batteries (LMBs). The pore structure of the hollow carbon framework can be tailored by melamine, which is a functional additive for integrating abundant nanopores and the uniform decoration of heteroatoms in the structure. The large surface area and pore volume of the hollow carbon framework offer enhanced reversibility and capability for metallic Li storage. In addition, the dendritic growth of Li and volume changes induced by repeated Li plating and stripping can be effectively suppressed during cycling. More importantly, atomic-scale decorations of heteroatoms can effectively lower the overpotential for the nucleation and growth of metallic Li inside the hollow carbon framework. It is mainly responsible for improving the cycle performance and rate capability, even at a high current density. Finally, the hollow carbon framework anode shows stable behavior toward Li plating and stripping without significant capacity fading in the LMBs than conventional Li metal anodes.
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