Mechanistic insights into the simultaneous removal of As(V) and Cr(VI) oxyanions by a novel hierarchical corolla-like MnO2-decorated porous magnetic biochar composite: A combined experimental and density functional theory study

Title
Mechanistic insights into the simultaneous removal of As(V) and Cr(VI) oxyanions by a novel hierarchical corolla-like MnO2-decorated porous magnetic biochar composite: A combined experimental and density functional theory study
Authors
최재우정경원김희곤최근수이선용이기봉
Keywords
Hierarchical corolla-like MnO2; Magnetic biochar composite; Heavy metal oxyanions; Competitive adsorption; Density functional theory
Issue Date
2022-03
Publisher
Applied surface science
Citation
VOL 578
Abstract
A novel hierarchical corolla-like MnO2-decorated porous magnetic biochar composite (c-PMB/MnO2) was synthesized and used for the removal of As(V) and Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions. The experimental results indicated that the adsorption affinity order of c-PMB/MnO2 in the single-component system was As(V) (0.414 mmol/g) < Cr(VI) (0.421 mmol/g), whereas it was reversed in the binary-component system as As(V) (0.446 mmol/g) ≫ Cr(VI) (0.185 mmol/g), which were more pronounced in sequential adsorption systems. XPS results revealed that all components of c-PMB/MnO2 (i.e., Fe3O4, MnO2, and biochar) contributed to As(V) and Cr(VI) adsorption, while the selective reduction of adsorbed Cr(VI) to Cr(III) occurred via the redox reaction between Fe3O4 and Cr(VI). Density functional theory calculations further indicated that As(V) and Cr(VI) compete for the available binding sites in binary-component system, although the presence of reduced Cr(III) as a majority species serves as a strong binding site for As(V) via the formation of covalent bonding between Cr(III) and the O atom in As(V) with binding energies of ? 123.1 and ? 125.6 kcal/mol, thereby enhancing competitive As(V) adsorption in binary-component and sequential adsorption systems. These results may provide important information to better understand the competitive adsorption mechanisms for the simultaneous removal of As(V) and Cr(VI) in water.
URI
http://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/74286
ISSN
0169-4332
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