Properties and rapid sintering of nanostructured WC and WC-TiAl hard materials by the pulsed current activated heating
- Properties and rapid sintering of nanostructured WC and WC-TiAl hard materials by the pulsed current activated heating
- 윤진국; 정가나; 김병수; 손인진
- Nanomaterials; Sintering; Hardness; Fracture toughness; Hard materials
- Issue Date
- Journal of ceramic processing research
- VOL 17, NO 4-299
- In the case of cemented WC, Ni or Co is added as a binder for the formation of composite structures. However, the high cost of Ni or Co, the low hardness and the low corrosion resistance of the WC-Ni and WC-Co cermets have generated interest in recent years for alternative binder phases. In this study, TiAl was used as a novel binder and consolidated by the pulsed current activated sintering (PCAS) method. Highly dense WC-TiAl with a relative density of up to 99% was obtained within 2 min by PCAS under a pressure of 80MPa. The method was found to enable not only the rapid densification but also the inhibition of grain growth preserving the nano-scale microstructure. The addition of TiAl to WC enhanced the toughness without great decrease of hardness due to crack deflection and decrease of grain size.
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