Autophagy inhibition enhances ginsenoside Rk1-induced cytotoxicity and G1 phase arrest in hepatocellular carcinoma cells
- Autophagy inhibition enhances ginsenoside Rk1-induced cytotoxicity and G1 phase arrest in hepatocellular carcinoma cells
- 고현석; 김영주; 양현옥
- Rk1; autophagy; G1 phase arrest; HCC
- Issue Date
- American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)
- Our previous study represented that the biological activity of ginsenoside Rk1 against
hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cell growth and the mechanism underlying the anti-tumor activity of Rk1 involved coordination between inhibition of telomerase activity and
induction of apoptosis. However, the effects of Rk1 in the early stage for HepG2 cells
remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that Rk1 induces both autophagy and G1 phase arrest in early stage. As our previous report represent, when Rk1 was treated with 100uM for 48 h, HepG2 cells underwent apoptosis. However, when it was treated for 24 h, HepG2 cells underwent autophagy but not apoptosis and G1 phase arrest through decreasing of phospho-Rb and CDK4 expression level, which is correlated with G1 phase. Interestingly,
inhibition of autophagy by bafilomycin A1 sensitized HepG2 cells to Rk1 by inducing
apoptosis within 24hr. Additionally, the silencing Beclin 1 with small interfering RNA
increased the number of Rk1-induced apoptotic cells within 24 h. Therefore, we speculate
that autophagy protects HepG2 cells from Rk1-induced apoptosis in early stage, however, when HepG2 cells are exposed by Rk1 for a long time, the cells finally undergo apoptosis. We identify that Rk1 induced the dual effects of autophagy and G1 phase arrest in early stage, and inhibition of autophagy enhanced Rk1-induced apoptosis. These results imply an autophagy functions as a survival mechanism in HepG2 cells against Rk1-induced apoptosis. Taken together, this provided evidence that a rationale for
the use of autophagy inhibitor in combination with Rk1 in HepG2 cells.
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- KIST Publication > Conference Paper
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