Suppression of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Inhibition of Overexpressed Ornithine Aminotransferase

Title
Suppression of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Inhibition of Overexpressed Ornithine Aminotransferase
Authors
Ehud ZigmondAmi Ben Ya'acov이현범Yoav LichtensteinZvi ShalevYoav SmithLidya ZolotarovEhud ZivRony KalmanHoang V. LeHejun LuRichard B. SilvermanYaron Ilan
Issue Date
2015-05
Publisher
ACS MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS
Citation
VOL 6, NO 8, 840-844
Abstract
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. DNA microarray analysis identified the ornithine aminotransferase (OAT) gene as a prominent gene overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from Psammomys obesus. In vitro studies demonstrated inactivation of OAT by gabaculine (1), a neurotoxic natural product, which suppressed in vitro proliferation of two HCC cell lines. Alpha-fetoprotein (APP) secretion, a biomarker for HCC, was suppressed by gabaculine in both cell lines, but not significantly. Because of the active site similarity between GABA aminotransferase (GABA-AT) and OAT, a library of 24 GABA-AT inhibitors was screened to identify a more selective inhibitor of OAT. (1S,3S)-3-Amino-4-(hexafluoropropan-2-ylidene)cydopentane-l-carboxylic acid (2) was found to be an inactivator of OAT that only weakly inhibits "GABA-AT, L-aspartate aminotransferase, and L-alanine aminotransferase. In vitro administration of 2 significantly suppressed APP secretion in both Hep3B and HepG2 HCC cells; in vivo, 2 significantly suppressed APP serum levels and tumor growth in HCC-harboring mice, even at 0.1 mg/kg. Overexpression of the OAT gene in HCC and the ability to block the growth of HCC by OAT inhibitors support the role of OAT as a potential therapeutic target to inhibit HCC growth. This is the first demonstration of suppression of HCC by an OAT inactivator.
URI
https://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/51299
ISSN
19485875
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