Flame synthesized Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ phosphors as spectral convertors for solar cells
- Flame synthesized Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ phosphors as spectral convertors for solar cells
- 한준수; 이승용; 조소혜; 소반 칸; 박보인
- Nanophosphor; quantum cutting; Spectral Convertor; Solar Cell; Luminescence; Flame spray pyrolysis
- Issue Date
- Research on chemical intermediates
- VOL 44, NO 8-4632
- Near-infrared (NIR) quantum cutting phosphors serve as a potential material for fabricating photovoltaic spectral convertors. In many cases, quantum cutting phosphors are obtained via a wet chemical method coupled with a post-annealing treatment-a very costly process. In this report, we used continuous flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) for fabricating Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ quantum-cutting phosphors without any post-treatment. Based on characterizations by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction, we found that as-synthesized Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ phosphors exhibit hollow and shell-like micro-structures composed of highly crystalline and pure cubic-phase nanoparticles (< 50 nm). Photoluminescence studies of the phosphors revealed that NIR emissions appeared with the introduction of Yb to Y2O3:Tb3+. Phosphor size was successfully controlled by managing the concentration of the metal precursor solution for FSP. The Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ phosphors were then embedded into transparent poly-ethylene-co-vinyl acetate (EVA) film to form a spectral convertor. The composite films of Y2O3:Tb3+-Yb3+ phosphors and poly-EVA were found to be highly transparent in the visible range (> 500 nm), making them suitable as spectral photovoltaic convertors.
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