Effective depolymerization of concentrated acid hydrolysis lignin using a carbon-supported ruthenium catalyst in ethanol/formic acid media
- Effective depolymerization of concentrated acid hydrolysis lignin using a carbon-supported ruthenium catalyst in ethanol/formic acid media
- 서동진; 이현주; 하정명; 제정호; 수잔 올리비아; 이반 크리스티안토
- Concentrated acid hydrolysis lignin; Depolymerization; Formic acid; Supercritical ethanol; Ru/C catalysts
- Issue Date
- Bioresource technology
- VOL 234-431
- Lignin isolated by two-step concentrated acid hydrolysis of empty fruit bunch (EFB) was effectively depolymerized into a high-quality bio-oil using formic acid (FA) as an in-situ hydrogen source and Ru/C as a catalyst in supercritical ethanol. A bio-oil yield of 66.3 wt% with an average molecular weight of 822 g/mol and an aromatic monomer content of 6.1 wt% was achieved at 350 °C and a FA-to-lignin mass ratio of 3 after a reaction time of 60 min. The combination of Ru/C and FA also resulted in a significant reduction in the oxygen content of the bio-oil by ∼60% and a corresponding increase in the higher heating value (HHV) to 32.7 MJ/kg due to the enhanced hydrodeoxygenation activity. An examination of the FA decomposition characteristics revealed that Ru/C provides a greater increase in the rate of hydrogen production from FA, explaining the efficient depolymerization of lignin in a combined system.
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