Electrochemical capacitor performance of 2-(trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate-derived highly mesoporous carbon nanofiber composite containing MnO2
- Electrochemical capacitor performance of 2-(trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate-derived highly mesoporous carbon nanofiber composite containing MnO2
- 양철민; 김소연; 위재형; 김보혜
- Electrochemical capacitor; Carbon nanofiber composite; 2-(Trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate
- Issue Date
- Journal of electroanalytical chemistry
- VOL 801-409
- 2-(Trimethylsilyloxy)ethyl methacrylate (SMA)-derived mesoporous carbon nanofiber composite containing MnO2 (Si-Mn-CNF) is fabricated by electrospinning method and found to be a very promising candidate for supercapacitor electrodes. Si-Mn-CNF possesses a large surface area of 707 m2 g− 1, high pore volume of 2.35 cm3 g− 1, and high mesopore fraction of 65%. Herein, SMA is used as an activating agent to develop the mesoporous structure by the thermal decomposition of SMA without activation process. As a result, Si-Mn-CNF exhibits a high specific capacitance of 200 Fg− 1 at a discharge current density of 1 mAcm− 2 and energy density of 23.72 Whkg− 1 at a power density of 400 Wkg− 1 in 6 M KOH aqueous electrolyte, due to the pseudocapacitive character associated with the surface redox-type reactions of the MnO2 nanoparticles (NPs). Furthermore, the Si-Mn-CNF electrode retains a specific capacitance of over 85% of the initial value at a discharge current density of 20 mAcm− 2 compared with only 40% for Mn-CNF without using SMA, due to the rapid diffusion of electrolyte ions and the decrease of resistive characteristics through the developed mesoporous structures. Therefore, Si-Mn-CNF with high mesoporosity induced by SMA exhibits excellent electrochemical performance in terms of high specific capacitance and energy density, and excellent capacitance retention.
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