Synthesis of Dual Stimuli-Responsive Polymers Through Atom Transfer Radical Mechanism in Aqueous Media
- Synthesis of Dual Stimuli-Responsive Polymers Through Atom Transfer Radical Mechanism in Aqueous Media
- 김세훈; Abu B. Siddique; 안진욱; 김현준; 박현종; 이영진; 이건창; 강호종; 이재열; 김정안
- dual stimuli-responsive; atom transfer radical polymerization; block copolymer; gradient polymer, reactivity
- Issue Date
- Macromolecular research
- VOL 25, NO 1-78
- New dual stimuli-responsive (thermo-& pH-) polymers were successfully synthesized through an atom transfer radical mechanism in aqueous media. N-Isopropylacrylamide (NiPAM) ([N]) as a precursor of temperature-responsive moiety and sulfonamide-modified styrenic monomer and methacrylamide ([S]) were employed for the synthesis of the smart copolymers. The molar ratio of NiPAM to sulfonamide composed of the polymer backbone played an important role in the control of the phase transitional behavior of the formed block polymers. When the composition ratio of [S]/[N] decreases from 1/1 to 1/2, the dual stimuli-responsive phase behavior was clearly observed. Another important factor for the control of the phase morphology was to obtain the reactivity ratios, r(1) and r(2), of the two monomers. In this study, Cu(I)-catalyzed copolymerization of sulfadimethoxinyl methacrylamide (MASX; M-1) and NiPAM (M-2) as the precursors of smart materials yielded r(1) = 8.046 and r(2) = 1.572, leading to the production of a gradient type of copolymer in aqueous media.
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