Nitrite ion mitigates the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) during chloramination of ranitidine
- Nitrite ion mitigates the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) during chloramination of ranitidine
- 박현미; 홍석원; 민기; Kangwoo Cho; Changha Lee
- N-nitrosodimethylamine; Ranitidine; Nitrite ion; Chloramination; Kinetics; Reaction pathway
- Issue Date
- The Science of the total environment
- VOL 633-359
- , the ultimate molar yield of NDMA after 6 h of reaction was primarily influenced by [DO] and pH, while marginally affected by initial [RNT] and [NH2Cl]. A kinetic model, prepared in accordance with the reaction sequence of NDMA formation, suggested that the rate determining step was accelerated with increasing [NH2Cl]0, [DO], and pH. A Kinetic study together with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometer (UPLC-Q-TOF MS) and gas chromatography (GC)/TOF MS analyses in parallel demonstrated that the nitrite ion inhibited the nucleophilic substitution of the terminal amine on NH2Cl, and reduced the pseudo-steady state concentration of N-peroxyl radicals, significantly decreasing the ultimate yields of NDMA.; Ranitidine (RNT) has been an important tertiary amine precursor of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) in chlorine-based water treatment, due to reaction with monochloramine (NH2Cl) with exceptionally high molar yields up to 90%. This study examined the effects of nitrite ions (NO2− ) on the kinetics of NDMA formation during the chloramination of RNT under variable concentrations of dissolved oxygen (DO, 0.7– 7.5 mg/L), RNT (5– 30 μM), NH2Cl (5– 20 mM), NO2− or NO3− (0– 2 mM) and pH (5.6– 8.6). In the absence of the NO2−
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