Designed trimer-mimetic TNF superfamily ligands on self-assembling nanocages

Designed trimer-mimetic TNF superfamily ligands on self-assembling nanocages
정철현이경은김인산양유수김윤경Minwoo KihEun Jung LeeNa Kyeong LeeDong-Hwee Kim
Issue Date
VOL 180-77
Presentation of an endogenous bioactive ligand in its native form is a key factor in controlling and determining its bioactivity, stability, and therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we developed a novel strategy for presenting trimeric ligands on nanocages by designing, optimizing and testing based on the rational design, high-resolution structural analysis and agonistic activity assays in vitro and in vivo. We successfully designed a nanocage that presents the TNF superfamily member, TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand) in its native-like trimeric structure. The native structure of TRAIL complexes was mimicked on the resulting trimeric TRAIL-presenting nanocages (TTPNs) by inserting sufficient spacing, determined from three-dimensional structural models, to provide optimal access to the corresponding receptors. The efficacy of TTPNs as an anti-tumor agent was confirmed in preclinical studies, which revealed up to 330-fold increased affinity, 62.5-fold enhanced apoptotic activity, and improved pharmacokinetic characteristics and stability compared with the monomeric form of TRAIL (mTRAIL). In this latter context, TTPNs exhibited greater than 90% stability over 1  mo, whereas ∼50% of mTRAIL aggregated within 2  d. Consistent with their enhanced stability and ultra-high affinity for the TRAIL receptor, TTPNs effectively induced apoptosis of tumor cells in vivo, leading to effective inhibition of tumor growth. Although TRAIL was used here as a proof-of-concept, all members of the TNF superfamily share the TNF homology domain (THD) and have similar distances between ecto-domain C-termini. Thus, other TNF superfamily ligands could be genetically substituted for the TRAIL ligand on the surface of this biomimetic delivery platform.
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