GRP78-targeted in-silico virtual screening of novel anticancer agents
- GRP78-targeted in-silico virtual screening of novel anticancer agents
- 배애님; 서선희; 임상민; 임지웅; Ambily Nath Indu Viswanath; 이재열
- Issue Date
- Chemical biology & drug design
- VOL 92, NO 2-1566
- Overexpression GRP78 in a variety of cancers such as glioblastoma, leukemia, lung, prostate, breast, gastric, and colon makes it a prime target for anticancer drug development. Present study reports GRP78-based design of novel anticancer agents using in-silico methods. As a first step toward the work, the interactions between GRP78 and 15 known ligands were modeled by docking simulation. The docked complex, GRP78-13, superior to other compounds with respect to its experimental activity and energy descriptors, was deduced into a structure-based pharmacophore. This hypothesis was applied as a screening filter to Asinex and Chemdiv databases. Finally, 23 hits were tested in vitro. Among these, VH1019 and VH1011 induced a concentration-dependent strong broad antiproliferative effect in glioma (U87-MG), breast cancer (MCF-7), and prostate cancer (DU-145) cell lines as compared to non-tumorigenic control, neonatal foreskin fibroblast (HFF-1). These compounds showed preferential growth inhibition of cancer cells over normal cells. The acetohydrazide derivative VH1019 was identified as a potential new chemotype for GRP78 inhibitors with an IC50 of 12.7 mu M in MCF-7.
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