A novel class of oxynitrides stabilized by nitrogen dimer formation
- A novel class of oxynitrides stabilized by nitrogen dimer formation
- 김진상; 최지원; 강종윤; 최정혜; 백승협; 김성근; 김상태; 권효진; 백성욱
- Issue Date
- Scientific Reports
- VOL 8, NO 14471-8
- Despite the wide applicability of oxynitrides from photocatalysis to refractory coatings, our understanding of the materials has been limited in terms of their thermodynamics. The configurational entropy via randomly mixed O/N or via cation vacancies are known to stabilize oxynitrides, despite the positive formation enthalpies. Here, using tin oxynitrides as a model system, we show by ab initio computations that oxynitrides in seemingly charge-unbalanced composition stabilize by forming pernitrides among metal-(O,N)(6) octahedra. The nitrogen pernitride dimer, =(N-N)=, results in the effective charge of -4, facilitating the formation of nitrogen-rich oxynitrides. We report that the dimer forms only in structures with corner-sharing octahedra, since the N-N bond formation requires sufficient rotational degrees of freedom among the octahedra. X-ray photoemission spectra of the synthesized tin oxynitride films reveal two distinct nitrogen bonding environments, confirming the computation results. This work opens the search space for a novel kind of oxynitrides stabilized by N dimer formation, with specific structural selection rules.
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