Inactivation of influenza A virus via exposure to silver nanoparticle-decorated silica hybrid composites
- Inactivation of influenza A virus via exposure to silver nanoparticle-decorated silica hybrid composites
- 우경자; 고영선; SungJun Park; Su Jin Lee; Cheonghoon Lee; GwangPyo Ko
- silver nanoparticle; silica hybrid composite; influenza A virus; antiviral agent; disinfection; virus inactivation
- Issue Date
- ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
- VOL 25, NO 27-27030
- Influenza A virus (IFV-A) is one of the main cause of seasonal flu and can infect various of host species via the reassortment of segmented RNA genomes. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been known as excellent antiviral agent against IFV. However, the use of free AgNPs has several major drawbacks, including the inherent aggregation among AgNPs and unwanted cytotoxic or genotoxic damages for human body via inhalation or ingestion. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of our novel 30-nm-diameter AgNP-decorated silica hybrid composite (Ag30-SiO2; 400 nm in diameter) for IFV-A inactivation. Ag30-SiO2 particles can inhibit IFV-A effectively in a clear dose-dependent manner. However, when real-time RT-PCR assay was used, merely 0.5-log(10) reduction of IFV-A was observed at both 5 and 20 A degrees C. Moreover, even after 1 h of exposure to Ag30-SiO2 particles, more than 80% of hemagglutinin (HA) damage and 20% of neuraminidase (NA) activities had occurred, and the infection of Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells by IFV-A was reduced. The results suggested that the major antiviral mechanism of Ag30-SiO2 particles is the interaction with viral components located at the membrane. Therefore, Ag30-SiO2 particles can cause nonspecific damage to various IFV-A components and be used as an effective method for inactivating IFV-A.
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