Programmed Cell Death Protein Ligand-1 Silencing with Polyethylenimine-Dermatan Sulfate Complex for Dual Inhibition of Melanoma Growth

Title
Programmed Cell Death Protein Ligand-1 Silencing with Polyethylenimine-Dermatan Sulfate Complex for Dual Inhibition of Melanoma Growth
Authors
권익찬김선화김인산김동규남기훈왕선영곽기정여윤
Issue Date
2017-10
Publisher
ACS Nano
Citation
VOL 11, NO 10-10146
Abstract
Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) is a prominent immune checkpoint receptor interacting with its ligand, programmed cell death protein ligand-1 (PD-L1, B7-Hi). The PD-1/PD-L1 interaction induces functional exhaustion of tumor-reactive cytotoxic T cells and, thus, interferes with antitumor T-cell immunity. In addition, PD-1/PD-L1 interaction promotes tumorigenesis via the mTOR. signaling pathway in a group of cancers including melanoma. Based on the dual functions of PD-1/PD-L1 interactions in tumor progression, we hypothesize that siRNA targeting PD-L1 (siPD-L1) will suppress melanoma growth, acting on both immune checkpoint and intrinsic tumorigenesis pathways. We tested this hypothesis by delivering siPD-L1 with a polymeric carrier ("pd") consisting of disulfide-cross-linked polyethylenimine (CLPEI) and dermatan sulfate (DS), which we previously found to have a specific interaction with CD146-positive B16F10 melanoma cells. The siPD-L1/pd suppressed the expression of PD-Ll in the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-challenged B16F10 melanoma cells in a cell type dependent manner and attenuated the expression of tumor-specific genes in B16F10 cells. siPD-Ll/pd suppressed the B16F10 melanoma growth in C57BL/6 immune-competent mice with increased tumor-specific immunity. siPD-Ll/pd also suppressed melanoma growth in immune-compromised nude mice. Both animals showed a positive correlation between PD-L1 and p-S6k (a marker of mTOR pathway activation) expression in tumors. These results indicate that the siPD-L1/pd complex attenuates melanoma growth in both T-cell-dependent and independent mechanisms.
URI
https://pubs.kist.re.kr/handle/201004/68682
ISSN
1936-0851
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
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