Electro-morphological, structural, thermal and ionic conduction properties of Gd/Pr co-doped ceria electrolytes exhibiting mixed Pr3+/Pr4+ cations
- Electro-morphological, structural, thermal and ionic conduction properties of Gd/Pr co-doped ceria electrolytes exhibiting mixed Pr3+/Pr4+ cations
- 윤성필; 그라지아 아카르도; L. Spiridigliozzi; G. Dell'Agli; D. Frattini
- Co-precipitation; Ceria-based electrolyte; IT-SOFC; Nanocrystalline ceria; Praseodymium
- Issue Date
- Ceramics international
- VOL 45, NO 4-4580
- Gd0.2-xPrxCe0.8O1.90, (x  =  0, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08, 0.10) has been synthesized by means of a simple co-precipitation route based on ammonium carbonate as the precipitating agent. The as-synthesized precursors are cerium-gadolinium-praseodymium amorphous hydroxycarbonates, which are nanometric in size with highly homogeneous morphology, leading to reactive doped and co-doped nanocrystalline (≈ 13  nm) ceria after a mild thermal treatment (2  h at 600  °C). The obtained results highlight the very positive effect of Pr on the powders’ sintering behaviour, which favour a better densification of the final pellets, thus improving both their microstructure (with relative densities of 97– 99% after sintering at 1250  °C for 3  h) and electrochemical properties (up to 1.25·10– 1  S  cm− 1 at 800  °C for sample 6Pr) compared to the state-of-art ceria-based electrolytes. Through a comprehensive characterization, a relation was formed between the Pr content and the microstructural features of the sintered pellets and their electrical behaviour. The amount of Pr doping was investigated over a wide range and 6  mol% has been established to be optimal (possessing the lowest electronic conductivity contribution). Definitely, these results indicate that Gd0.2-xPrxCe0.8O1.90 has an excellent set of characteristics, both microstructural and electrical, and a convenient fabrication process, thus making it perfectly suitable for IT-SOFC practical applications.
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