7-Deoxy-trans-dihydronarciclasine Isolated from Lycoris chejuensis Inhibits Neuroinflammation in Experimental Models
- 7-Deoxy-trans-dihydronarciclasine Isolated from Lycoris chejuensis Inhibits Neuroinflammation in Experimental Models
- 양현옥; 조동; 장리준; 곡명요; 전효진; 조용백
- Issue Date
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry
- VOL 67, NO 35-9804
- Overactivated microglia and persistent neuroinflammation hold an important role in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. The extract of Lycoris chejuensis (CJ) and its active compound, 7-deoxy-trans-dihydronarciclasine (named E144), attenuated expressions of pro-inflammatory factors, including nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin 6, secreted by
lipopolysaccharide-activated BV-2 microglial cells, as measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or western blotting. In contrast, CJ extract and E144 promoted the secretion of the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin 10. Moreover, we found that E144 attenuated the expression of TNF-α and COX-2 in the cerebral cortex of lipopolysaccharide-treated mice and/or T2576 transgenic mice as well as reduced the reactive immune cells visualized by ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1. Our results suggest the possibility of E144 to serve as a potential anti-neuroinflammatory agent by preventing excess production of pro-inflammatory factors.
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