The cytotoxicity and skin irritation of nanostructured cellulose surface fabricated by a plasma-induced method
- The cytotoxicity and skin irritation of nanostructured cellulose surface fabricated by a plasma-induced method
- 문명운; 박지호; 고태준; 민혜숙; 김민성; 김정아; 전병준; 김영민; Yan Huang; Xian Jin; Kyu Hwan Oh; Mi Ok Kim; 최태현; Maierdanjiang Wufuer
- 나노구조; 플라즈마; cotton; cytotoxicity
- Issue Date
- VOL 26, NO 18-9749
- Applications of nano-sized cellulose, such as use in tissue bio-scaffolds and drug delivery, have gained much attention in medical research. However, there are only a few studies reporting the skin toxicity of nano-sized cellulose. Here, we investigated the skin toxicity of plasma-induced nanostructured cellulose (PINC) in vitro and in vivo. Morphology of the PINC as well as that of human foreskin fibroblast (Hs27) and immortalized human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell lines cultured on PINC were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The in vitro cytotoxicity of the material was evaluated using Hs27 and HaCaT cell lines and a reconstructed human epidermis model. For in vivo skin toxicity testing, after attaching the PINC to the dorsal skin of Sprague– Dawley rats, skin irritation was evaluated visually and histologically. Our results showed no cytotoxicity of PINC, which did not induce apoptosis or necrosis in either type of cells tested. PINC also did not stimulate irritation on rats in vivo, and no significant inflammatory responses were observed by histological analysis. These results indicate that PINC has no significant skin toxicity in vitro or in vivo. The absence of skin toxicity in PINC suggests that it can be used for skin-related applications without any harm.
- Appears in Collections:
- KIST Publication > Article
- Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
- RIS (EndNote)
- XLS (Excel)
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.