Tweety-homolog (Ttyh) Family Encodes the Pore-forming Subunits of the Swelling-dependent Volume-regulated Anion Channel (VRACswell) in the Brain
- Tweety-homolog (Ttyh) Family Encodes the Pore-forming Subunits of the Swelling-dependent Volume-regulated Anion Channel (VRACswell) in the Brain
- 오수진; 황은미; 이승은; 한영은; 권재; 원종하; 안희영; 장민우; 우준성; 이제선; 박민구; 윤보은; 정재영; 박형주; 이창준
- Issue Date
- Experimental Neurobiology
- VOL 28, NO 2-215
- In the brain, a reduction in extracellular osmolality causes water-influx and swelling, which subsequently triggers Cl-- and osmolytes-efflux via volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC). Although LRRC8 family has been recently proposed as the pore-forming VRAC which is activated by low cytoplasmic ionic strength but not by swelling, the molecular identity of the pore-forming swellingdependent VRAC (VRACswell) remains unclear. Here we identify and characterize Tweety-homologs (TTYH1, TTYH2, TTYH3) as the major VRACswell in astrocytes. Gene-silencing of all Ttyh1/2/3 eliminated hypo-osmotic-solution-induced Cl- conductance (ICl,swell) in cultured and hippocampal astrocytes. When heterologously expressed in HEK293T or CHO-K1 cells, each TTYH isoform showed a significant ICl,swell with similar aquaporin-4 dependency, pharmacological properties and glutamate permeability as ICl,swell observed in native astrocytes. Mutagenesis-based structure-activity analysis revealed that positively charged arginine residue at 165 in TTYH1 and 164 in TTYH2 is critical for the formation of the channel-pore. Our results demonstrate that TTYH family confers the bona fide VRACswell in the brain.
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