Comparative metabolic profiling of cultivated and wild black soybeans reveals distinct metabolic alterations associated with their domestication
- Comparative metabolic profiling of cultivated and wild black soybeans reveals distinct metabolic alterations associated with their domestication
- 최용수; 현혜진; 서구량; 김재광
- metabolic profiling; cultivated black soybean; wild black soybean; multivariate analysis; primary metabolites; secondary metabolites
- Issue Date
- Food research international
- VOL 134-109299
- Generally, cultivated black soybean (CBS) has been used as a major source of various nutrients for humans and animals. To assess the metabolic alterations induced by domestication in soybean, we performed a comprehensive metabolite profiling of 56 soybean varieties, including 28 CBS and 28 wild black soybean (WBS) varieties. A total of 48 metabolites were characterized, including 45 primary and 3 secondary metabolites, from CBS and WBS. The results of principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) revealed significant metabolic differences between CBS and WBS that were closely related to metabolic pathways. The results indicate that flavonoids correlated positively with phenylalanine, a precursor for phenylpropanoid biosynthesis; the contents of flavonoids and phenylpropanoids were higher in WBS. Pathway analysis revealed that CBS contained large amounts of TCA cycle intermediates, amino acids, and fatty acids as a result of increased energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and seed filling. The projection to latent structure method, using the partial least squares method, was applied to predict the flavonoid content in soybean seed, which indicated that sucrose, threonic acid, citric acid, and fatty acids are important in predicting the antioxidant content of samples. This work will provide important information for designing new soybean cultivars with enhanced nutritional and agricultural traits.
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