In situ exsolution of Rh nanoparticles on a perovskite oxide surface: Efficient Rh catalysts for Dry reforming

In situ exsolution of Rh nanoparticles on a perovskite oxide surface: Efficient Rh catalysts for Dry reforming
남석우윤성필최선희김용민정향수손현태조영석김윤도차준영Emilio AudassoViviana Cigolotti
Rh Catalysts; In Situ Exsolution; Perovskite; Dry Reforming; Hydrogen Production
Issue Date
The Korean journal of chemical engineering
VOL 37, NO 8-1410
The catalytic activity of the Rh-exsolved Sr0.92Y0.08Ti2O3 perovskite catalyst (SYTRh5) was examined for dry reforming of methane. The exsolution of the Rh nanoparticles over the SYT perovskite oxide surface was carried out under various reducing environments where the extent of Rh exsolution was significantly determined by the reduction time (4, 12, 24 h) and temperature (800, 900, 1,000 oC). STYRh5 catalysts treated at a longer reduction time and a higher reduction temperature revealed formation of larger metallic Rh nanoparticles on the perovskite oxide with higher surface concentration. For dry reforming activity, the SYTRh5 catalysts reduced at 900 and 1,000 oC for 24 h showed significantly higher methane conversion compared to others. The high catalytic performance of the SYTRh5 (900 and 1,000 oC, 24 h) catalysts was attributed to the high coke-resistance of the larger Rh-exsolved nanoparticles and stronger anchoring sites resulted from the exsolution process. Post-analysis TEM images exhibited limited carbon deposition and particle agglomeration of Rh over the SYTRh5 (900 and 1,000 oC, 24 h) catalysts. Lastly, in-situ H2S poisoning was conducted to examine the regeneration ability of SYTRh5. Although catalyst deactivation was observed, the catalytic activity of SYTRh5 (900 and 1,000 oC, 24 h) was completely recovered to the original level once the H2S flow was interrupted, indicating facile desorption of sulfur species from the Rh-exsolved nanoparticles.
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