Versatile low-cost volumetric 3D ultrasound imaging using gimbal-assisted distance sensors and an inertial measurement unit
- Versatile low-cost volumetric 3D ultrasound imaging using gimbal-assisted distance sensors and an inertial measurement unit
- 이병철; 김형민; 임매순; 강동현; 심신용; 김태형; 서보경
- volumetric ultrasound imaging; freehand; low-cost; distance sensor; gimbal; inertial measurement unit
- Issue Date
- VOL 20, NO 6613-15
- This study aims at creating low-cost, three-dimensional (3D), freehand ultrasound image reconstructions from commercial two-dimensional (2D) probes. The low-cost system that can be attached to a commercial 2D ultrasound probe consists of commercial ultrasonic distance sensors, a gimbal, and an inertial measurement unit (IMU). To calibrate irregular movements of the probe during scanning, relative position data were collected from the ultrasonic sensors that were attached to a gimbal. The directional information was provided from the IMU. All the data and 2D ultrasound images were combined using a personal computer to reconstruct 3D ultrasound image. The relative position error of the proposed system was less than 0.5%. The overall shape of the cystic mass in the breast phantom was similar to those from 2D and sections of 3D ultrasound images. Additionally, the pressure and deformations of lesions could be obtained and compensated by contacting the probe to the surface of the soft tissue using the acquired position data. The proposed method did not require any initial marks or receivers for the reconstruction of a 3D ultrasound image using a 2D ultrasound probe. Even though our system is less than $500, a valuable volumetric ultrasound image could be provided to the users.
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