Design of DNA Origami Diamond Photonic Crystals

Design of DNA Origami Diamond Photonic Crystals
Issue Date
ACS applied bio materials
VOL 3, NO 1-756
Self-assembled photonic crystals have proven to be a fascinating class of photonic materials for nonabsorbing structural colorizations over large areas and in diverse relevant applications, including tools for on-chip spectrometers and biosensors, platforms for reflective displays, and templates for energy devices. The most prevalent building blocks for the self-assembly of photonic crystals are spherical colloids and block copolymers (BCPs) because of the generic appeal of these materials, which can be crafted into large-area 3D lattices. However, because of the intrinsic limitations of these structures, these two building blocks are difficult to assemble into a direct rod-connected diamond lattice, which is considered to be a champion photonic crystal. Here, we present a DNA origami-route for a direct rod-connected diamond photonic crystal exhibiting a complete photonic bandgap (PBG) in the visible regime. Using a combination of electromagnetic, phononic, and mechanical numerical analyses, we identify (i) the structural constraints of the 50 megadalton-scale giant DNA origami building blocks that could self-assemble into a direct rod-connected diamond lattice with high accuracy, and (ii) the elastic moduli that are essentials for maintaining lattice integrity in a buffer solution. A solution molding process could enable the transformation of the as-assembled DNA origami lattice into a porous silicon- or germanium-coated composite crystal with enhanced refractive index contrast, in that a champion relative bandwidth for the photonic bandgap (i.e., 0.29) could become possible even for a relatively low volume fraction (i.e., 16 vol %).
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