Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-based activatable probe for predicting therapeutic outcome of an EGF-based doxorubicin prodrug

Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-based activatable probe for predicting therapeutic outcome of an EGF-based doxorubicin prodrug
Issue Date
Journal of controlled release
VOL 328-236
One of the most promising approaches for the treatment of colorectal cancer is targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Comprehensive research has led to significant clinical outcomes using EGFR-targeted anticancer drugs; however, the response to these drugs still largely varies among individuals. The current diagnostic platform provides limited information that does not enable successful prediction of the anticancer performance of EGFR-targeted drugs. Here, we developed a EGFR-targeted activatable probe for predicting therapeutic efficacy of EGFR-targeted doxorubicin prodrug in colorectal cancer therapy. The EGF-conjugated fluorescence-activatable probe (EGF-probe) and EGF-conjugated doxorubicin prodrug (EGF-prodrug) were both fabricated using peptide substrates that can be dissociated by lysosomal enzymes, and thus share an intracellular mechanism of action. We demonstrated that after EGFR-mediated endocytosis, lysosomal enzymes de-quench the fluorescence of EGF-probe and activate the cytotoxicity of EGF-prodrug. When evaluated in vivo, EGF-probe yielded an outstanding cancer-specific imaging ability with reduced background signals. EGF-prodrug also successfully targeted the tumor and promoted cancer cell death. We tested different colorectal cancer cell types to investigate the correlation between the fluorescence recovery efficiency of EGF-probe and the cytotoxicity of EGF-prodrug. Strong correlations were observed both in vitro and in vivo. The actions of EGF-probe and EGF-prodrug were dependent on the inherent lysosomal activity of the cell type rather than its EGFR expression level. Our proposed approach using EGF-probe and EGF-prodrug may overcome the major drawback of the conventional theranostic platform and provide great opportunity for successful personalized cancer therapy.
Appears in Collections:
KIST Publication > Article
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.