Lanthanum and Cerium Ammine Borohydrides, M(BH4)3·nNH3

Lanthanum and Cerium Ammine Borohydrides, M(BH4)3·nNH3; Trends in Synthesis, Structures and Thermal Properties

Trends in Synthesis, Structures and Thermal Properties
조영환이영수Jakob B. GrinderslevMorten B. LeyLars H. JepsenMathias JørgensenJørgen SkibstedTorben R. Jensen
Issue Date
Inorganic chemistry
VOL 59-7778
Ammine metal borohydrides show potential for solid-state hydrogen storage and can be tailored toward hydrogen release at low temperatures. Here, we report the synthesis and structural characterization of seven new ammine metal borohydrides, M(BH4)3·nNH3, M = La (n = 6, 4, or 3) or Ce (n = 6, 5, 4, or 3). The two compounds with n = 6 are isostructural and have new orthorhombic structure types (space group P21212) built from cationic complexes, [M(NH3)6(BH4)2]+, and are charge balanced by BH4– . The structure of Ce(BH4)3·5NH3 is orthorhombic (space group C2221) and is built from cationic complexes, [Ce(NH3)5(BH4)2]+, and charge balanced by BH4– . These are rare examples of borohydride complexes acting both as a ligand and as a counterion in the same compound. The structures of M(BH4)3·4NH3 are monoclinic (space group C2), built from neutral molecular complexes of [M(NH3)4(BH4)3]. The new compositions, M(BH4)3·3NH3 (M = La, Ce), among ammine metal borohydrides, are orthorhombic (space group Pna21), containing molecular complexes of [M(NH3)3(BH4)3]. A revised structural model for A(BH4)3·5NH3 (A = Y, Gd, Dy) is presented, and the previously reported composition A(BH4)3·4NH3 (A = Y, La, Gd, Dy) is proposed in fact to be M(BH4)3·3NH3 along with a new structural model. The temperature-dependent structural properties and decomposition are investigated by in situ synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction in vacuum and argon atmosphere and by thermal analysis combined with mass spectrometry. The compounds with n = 6, 5, and 4 mainly release ammonia at low temperatures, while hydrogen evolution occurs for M(BH4)3·3NH3 (M = La, Ce). Gas-release temperatures and gas composition from these compounds depend on the physical conditions and on the relative stability of M(BH4)3·nNH3 and M(BH4)3.
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