Analgesic Efficacy of a2 Adrenergic Receptor Agonists Depends on the Chronic State of Neuropathic Pain: Role of Regulator of G Protein Signaling 4
- Analgesic Efficacy of a2 Adrenergic Receptor Agonists Depends on the Chronic State of Neuropathic Pain: Role of Regulator of G Protein Signaling 4
- 김기선; 우지완; Seo-Yeon Yoon; Dae-Hyun Roh; Ji-Hee Yeo; Se Hee Han
- Neuropathic pain; alpha2 adrenergic receptor; clonidine; dexmedetomidine; regulator of G protein signaling 4
- Issue Date
- VOL 455-194
- The analgesic effect of alpha-2 adrenergic receptor (a2AR) agonists, which relieve chronic neuropathic pain, is highly variable among individuals. Here, we used a mouse model of spared nerve injury (SNI) to show that treatment time after the establishment of neuropathic pain was important for the variability in the analgesic efficacy of a2AR agonists, which was related to the activity of regulator of G-protein signaling protein 4 (RGS4). Intrathecal treatment with a2AR agonists, clonidine (0.1？1 nmol) or dexmedetomidine (0.3？1 nmol), relieved mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia on postoperative day (POD) 14, but their efficacy was weaker on POD28 and absent on POD56. The RGS4 level of plasma membrane was increased on POD56 compared to that on POD14. Moreover, in RGS4-deficient or RGS4 inhibitor (CCG50014)-treated mice, the analgesic effect of the
a2AR agonists was conserved even on POD56. The increased plasma membrane RGS4 expression and the reduced level of active Gai after clonidine injection on POD56 were completely restored by CCG50014. Higher doses of clonidine (10 nmol) and dexmedetomidine (3 nmol) relieved neuropathic pain on POD56 but were accompanied with serious side effects. Whereas, the coadministration of CCG50014 with clonidine (1 nmol) or dexmedetomidine (1 nmol) did not cause side effects. These findings demonstrated that SNI-induced increase in plasma membrane RGS4 expression was associated with low efficacy of a2AR agonists in a model of persistent, chronic neuropathic pain. Furthermore, a2AR agonist administration together with RGS4-targeted intervention represents a novel strategy for the treatment of neuropathic pain to overcome dose-limiting side effects.
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