Poly (ethylenimine)­Functionalized Monolithic Alumina Honeycomb Adsorbents for CO2 Capture from Air

Poly (ethylenimine)­Functionalized Monolithic Alumina Honeycomb Adsorbents for CO2 Capture from Air
Christopher W. Jones유천재Miles A. Sakwa-NovakShuai TanFereshteh Rashidi
Issue Date
VOL 9-1868
The development of practical and effective gas?solid contactors is an important area in the development of CO2 capture technologies. Target CO2 capture applications, such as postcombustion carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) from power plant flue gases or CO2 extraction directly from ambient air (DAC), require high flow rates of gas to be processed at low cost. Extruded monolithic honeycomb structures, such as those employed in the catalytic converters of automobiles, have excellent potential as structured contactors for CO2 adsorption applications because of the low pressure drop imposed on fluid moving through the straight channels of such structures. Here, we report the impregnation of poly(ethylenimine) (PEI), an effective aminopolymer reported commonly for CO2 separation, into extruded monolithic alumina to form structured CO2 sorbents. These structured sorbents are first prepared on a small scale, characterized thoroughly, and compared with powder sorbents with a similar composition. Despite consistent differences observed in the filling of mesopores with PEI between the monolithic and powder sorbents, their performance in CO2 adsorption is similar across a range of PEI contents. A larger monolithic cylinder (1?inch diameter, 4?inch length) is evaluated under conditions closer to those that might be used in large­scale applications and shows a similar performance to the smaller monoliths and powders tested initially. This larger structure is evaluated over five cycles of CO2 adsorption and steam desorption and demonstrates a volumetric capacity of 350?molurn:x-wiley:18645631:media:cssc201600404:cssc201600404-math-0001 ?urn:x-wiley:18645631:media:cssc201600404:cssc201600404-math-0002 and an equilibration time of 350?min under a 0.4?m?s?1 linear flow velocity through the monolith channels using 400?ppm CO2 in N2 as the adsorption gas at 30?°C. This volumetric capacity surpasses that of
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