Successive Detection of Zinc Ion and Citrate Using a Schiff Base Chemosensor for Enhanced Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in Biosystems
- Successive Detection of Zinc Ion and Citrate Using a Schiff Base Chemosensor for Enhanced Prostate Cancer Diagnosis in Biosystems
- 이강봉; Selvaraj Muthusamy; Dongwei Zhu; Kanagaraj Rajalakshmi; Weihua Zhu; Shengjun Wang; Long Zhao
- triaminoguanidine; zinc/citrate detection; aggregation induced emission; intramolecular charge transfer; prostate cancer; chemosensors
- Issue Date
- ACS applied bio materials
- VOL 4, NO 2-1941
- Sensitive and quantitative detection of prostate cancer (PC) requires a chemosensor with an applicable sensing strategy. A star-shaped Schiff base triaminoguanidine-integrated thiophene fluorophore TAT was rationally designed with nitrogen and sulfur atoms to coordinate with Zn2+ as the initial step and to chelate with citrate as the following step. Formation of the complex TAT-Zn2+ induced an intramolecular charge transfer and caused a red-shifted, Zn2+ concentration-dependent fluorescence at 507 nm. Chelation of TAT-Zn2+ with citrate led to an emission band at 692 nm upon an aggregation-induced emission mechanism. The distinctive fluorescence emissions of Zn2+ and citrate biomarkers were demonstrated first in on-site paper-based test strips showing gradually enhanced colors at yellow and red channels and second in both in vitro and in vivo by using PC3 cells and BALB/c nude mouse animal models, respectively. The in vitro test confirmed the mitochondria organelle-targeting property of TAT, and the in vivo performance manifested the successful application of the probe in recognizing the prostate cancer. This is the first applicable chemosensor that could be in continuous recognition of dual PC biomarkers Zn2+ and citrate in cancer diagnosis with a mitochondria organelle-targeting ability.
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