Alternative-Ultrathin Assembling of Exfoliated Manganese Dioxide and Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Layers for High-Mass- Loading Supercapacitors with Outstanding Capacitance and Impressive Rate Capability
- Alternative-Ultrathin Assembling of Exfoliated Manganese Dioxide and Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Layers for High-Mass- Loading Supercapacitors with Outstanding Capacitance and Impressive Rate Capability
- 서호영; Jae-Min Jeong; Seung Hwa Park; Hong Jun Park; Se Bin Jin; Seon Gyu Son; Jong-Min Moon; Bong Gill Choi
- Issue Date
- Advanced functional materials
- VOL 온라인게재, 2009632
- Manganese dioxide (MnO2) materials have received much attention as promising pseudocapacitive materials owing to their high theoretical capacitance and natural abundance. Unfortunately, the charge storage performance of MnO2 is usually limited to commercially available mass loading electrodes because of the significantly lower electron and ion migration kinetics in thick electrodes. Here, an alternatively assembled 2D layered material consisting of exfoliated MnO2 nanosheets and nitrogendoped carbon layers for ultrahighmassloading supercapacitors without sacrificing energy storage performance is reported. Layered birnessitetype MnO2 is efficiently exfoliated and intercalated by a carbon precursor of dopamine using a fluid dynamicinduced process, resulting in MnO2/nitrogendoped carbon (MnO2/C) materials after selfpolymerization and carbonization. The alternatively stacked and interlayerexpanded structure of MnO2/C enables fast and efficient electron and ion transfer in a thick electrode. The resulting MnO2/C electrode shows outstanding electrochemical performance at an ultrahigh mass loading of 19.7 mg cm？2, high gravimetric and areal capacitances of 480.3 F g？1 and 9.4 F cm？2 at 0.5 mA cm？2, and rapid charge/discharge capability of 70% capacitance retention at 40 mA cm？2. Furthermore, asymmetric supercapacitor based on highmassloading MnO2/C can deliver an extremely high energy of 64.2 Wh kg？1 at a power density of 18.8 W kg？1 in an aqueous electrolyte.
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