3D interconnected macrostructure based on nano-scale pyroprotein units for energy storage
- 3D interconnected macrostructure based on nano-scale pyroprotein units for energy storage
- 조세연; 김나래; 윤현지; 진형준; 윤영수
- Porous carbon; Nanocarbon; Pyroprotein; Electrode; Hybrid capacitor
- Issue Date
- Electrochimica acta
- VOL 222-1894
- A porous carbon monolith with a well-defined internal nanostructure consisting of highly redox-active materials has potential as an electrode in energy storage applications. In this study, 3D interconnected pyroprotein macrostructures (3D-IPMs) were fabricated from silk proteins using a simple templated sol-gel method and subsequently heated with potassium hydroxide. The resulting 3D-IPMs, which were further optimized, had high nitrogen concentrations (C/N ratio: 11.4), good electrical conductivities of _2.8 S cm_1, and well-developed pore structures. The 3D-IPMs showed reversible storage capacities of _680 mA h g_1 at 0.1 A g_1 via a pseudocapacitive Li ion storage mechanism in the anodic potential range. Even when a 300-fold larger current rate was used, a reversible capacity of _230 mA h g_1 was maintained. In addition, the 3D-IPMs exhibited remarkable stability over the course of 1,000 cycles. The practicability of 3D-IPM-based energy storage devices was demonstrated by assembling full cells with a well-known cathode material. The full cell devices delivered a specific energy of 142.7 W h kg_1 at 190 W kg_1 and specific power of 23,850 W kg_1 at 48.1 W h kg_1. In addition, their performance remained stable across many cycles.
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