Characterization of a passivation layer comprising MgO-SiO2 and ZrO2

Kim, Na-RaeLee, Yang-DooPaek, Kyeong-KapLee, Joo-WonKim, Jai-KyeongHwang, Sung-WooJu, Byeong-Kwon
Issue Date
SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, v.39, no.1, pp.64 - 68
Thin films with magnesium oxide (MgO) and silicon oxide (SiO2) compounds mixed at various mixture ratios were deposited on flexible polyether sulfone (PES) substrates by an e-beam evaporator to investigate their potential for transparent barrier applications. In this study, as the MgO fraction increased, thin films comprising MgO and SiO2 compounds became more amorphous, and their surface morphologies became smoother and denser. In addition, zirconium oxide (ZrO2) was added to the above-mentioned compound mixtures, and the properties of the compound mixture comprising Mg-Si-Zr-O were then measured. ZrO2 made the thin mixture films more amorphous, and made the surface morphology denser and more uniform. Whole thin films of 250 +/- 30 nm in thickness were formed, and their water vapor transmission rates (WVTRs) decreased rapidly. The best WVTR was obtained by depositing thin films of Mg-Si-Zr-O compound among the whole thin films. The WVTRs of the PES substrate in the bare state decreased from 47 to 0.8 g m(-2) day(-1). This Mg-Si-Zr-O compound was deposited on polyethylene terephtalate (PET) substrates again to confirm the availability of the compound mixture. Thin films on the PET substrates decreased the WVTRs remarkably from 2.96 to 0.01 g m(-2) day(-1). These results were similar to those of thin films on PES substrates. As the thin mixture films became more amorphous and surface morphology denser and more uniform, the WVTRs decreased. Therefore, the thin mixture films became more suitable for flexible organic light emitting displays (OLEDs) as transparent passivation layers against moisture in air. Copyright (C) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
FILMS; ENCAPSULATION; PERMEATION; VAPOR; FILMS; ENCAPSULATION; PERMEATION; VAPOR; passivation; water vapor transmission rates (WVTRs); organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs); inorganic layer
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