Polymorphic Self-Assembly with Procedural Flexibility for Monodisperse Quaternary Protein Structures of DegQ Enzymes

Jeon, HanulHan, Ah-reumOh, SangminPark, Jin-GyeongNamkoong, MyeongBang, Kyeong-MiKim, Ho MinKim, Nak-KyoonHwang, Kwang YeonHur, KahyunLee, Bong-JinHeo, JeongyunKim, SehoonSong, Hyun KyuCho, HyesungLee, In-Gyun
Issue Date
WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Advanced Materials, v.36, no.19
As large molecular tertiary structures, some proteins can act as small robots that find, bind, and chaperone target protein clients, showing the potential to serve as smart building blocks in self-assembly fields. Instead of using such intrinsic functions, most self-assembly methodologies for proteins aim for de novo-designed structures with accurate geometric assemblies, which can limit procedural flexibility. Here, a strategy enabling polymorphic clustering of quaternary proteins, exhibiting simplicity and flexibility of self-assembling paths for proteins in forming monodisperse quaternary cage particles is presented. It is proposed that the enzyme protomer DegQ, previously solved at low resolution, may potentially be usable as a threefold symmetric building block, which can form polyhedral cages incorporated by the chaperone action of DegQ in the presence of protein clients. To obtain highly monodisperse cage particles, soft, and hence, less resistive client proteins, which can program the inherent chaperone activity of DegQ to efficient formations of polymorphic cages, depending on the size of clients are utilized. By reconstructing the atomic resolution cryogenic electron microscopy DegQ structures using obtained 12- and 24-meric clusters, the polymorphic clustering of DegQ enzymes is validated in terms of soft and rigid domains, which will provide effective routes for protein self-assemblies with procedural flexibility. As smart building blocks, proteins can create quaternary structures in polymorphic configurations determined by soft clients. In the present study, highly monodisperse, one-way clustering is programmed by the protomer, DegQ, featuring procedural flexibility in the self-assembly procedure. First high-resolution cryo-EM structures of DegQ are presented, validating the feasibility and flexibility of programming proteins with native robot-like functions.
POLYHEDRA; DNA; DESIGN; CAGE; procedural flexibility; quaternary protein structures; self-assemblies
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