A Mediator-Free Multi-Ply Biofuel Cell Using an Interfacial Assembly between Hydrophilic Enzymes and Hydrophobic Conductive Oxide Nanoparticles with Pointed Apexes

Kang, MinchulNam, DonghyeonAhn, JeongyeonChung, Yoon JangLee, Seung WooChoi, Young-BongKwon, Cheong HoonCho, Jinhan
Issue Date
WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Advanced Materials, v.35, no.51
Biofuel cells (BFCs) based on enzymatic electrodes hold great promise as power sources for biomedical devices. However, their practical use is hindered by low electron transfer efficiency and poor operational stability of enzymatic electrodes. Here, a novel mediator-free multi-ply BFC that overcomes these limitations and exhibits both substantially high-power output and long-term operational stability is presented. The approach involves the utilization of interfacial interaction-induced assembly between hydrophilic glucose oxidase (GOx) and hydrophobic conductive indium tin oxide nanoparticles (ITO NPs) with distinctive shapes, along with a multi-ply electrode system. For the preparation of the anode, GOx and oleylamine-stabilized ITO NPs with bipod/tripod type are covalently assembled onto the host fiber electrode composed of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and gold (Au) NPs. Remarkably, despite the contrasting hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties, this interfacial assembly approach allows for the formation of nanoblended GOx/ITO NP film, enabling efficient electron transfer within the anode. Additionally, the cathode is prepared by sputtering Pt onto the host electrode. Furthermore, the multi-ply fiber electrode system exhibits unprecedented high-power output (approximate to 10.4 mW cm-2) and excellent operational stability (2.1 mW cm-2, approximate to 49% after 60 days of continuous operation). The approach can provide a basis for the development of high-performance BFCs. In this study, a groundbreaking mediator-free hybrid biofuel cell that demonstrates exceptional performance is introduced. Through a multi-ply electrode design and an innovative assembly approach involving hydrophobic conductive oxide nanoparticles with distinct shapes and hydrophilic glucose oxidases, significant enhancements in power output and operation stability are achieved for cotton fiber-based biofuel cells.image
GLUCOSE-OXIDASE; REDOX CENTERS; ELECTRON-TRANSFER; CARBON; FILMS; FABRICATION; BIOANODE; a mediator-free biofuel cell; a multi-ply electrode; conductive oxide nanoparticles; enzymes
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